Martyr women

Benazir Bhutto

2008, cotton damask, wool, stitched

ca. 240 x 100 cm

benazir bhutto

Benazir Bhutto (urdu بینظیر بھٹو‎ [beːnəziːr bʱʊʈːoː]; * 21. Juni 1953 in Karatschi, Provinz Sindh; † 27. Dezember 2007 in Rawalpindi, Provinz Punjab) war eine Politikerin in Pakistan. Sie war von 1988 bis 1990 und von 1993 bis 1996 Premierministerin von Pakistan. Nachdem sie im Oktober 2007 aus ihrem Exil in Dubai zurückgekehrt war, etablierte sie sich als Oppositionsführerin, wurde jedoch zwei Wochen vor der geplanten Parlamentswahl bei einem Attentat getötet. (wikipedia)

Zhang Zhixin

2008, Damastgewebe, Kunstfaser, Seide, genäht – damask, artificial fiber, silk, stitched

105 x 75 cm

Zhang Zhixin; (December 5, 1930 – April 4, 1975) was a dissident during the Cultural Revolution who became famous for criticizing the idolization of Mao Zedong and the ultra-left. She was imprisoned for six years (1969 to 1975) and tortured, then executed, for having opposing views while being a member of the Communist Party of China. A second party member who had expressed agreement with Zhang was sentenced to 18 years in prison.

Although many consider her a heroine among the people for standing up to the party, her experience is also a reminder of the potential punishment for deviating from party principles.

It is possible that she had serious mental problems in her final days. She did not consider herself anti-communist, but rather a „true Marxist“ for whom Mao had distorted the communist cause. Even in prison, she insisted she was a member of the Communist Party of China. Many of her points of view were similar to those of the Communist leaders who succeeded Mao. For this reason, she was rehabilitated by Hu Yaobang and recognized as a revolutionary martyr, a model communist. (wikipedia)

Aung San Suu Kyi

2010, thread on damask, stitched

105 x 140 cm

Aung San Suu Kyi Burmese: AungSanSuuKyi1.png; (born 19 June 1945) is a Burmese opposition politician and General Secretary of the National League for Democracy.

In the 1990 general election, Suu Kyi was elected Prime Minister, as leader of the winning National League for Democracy party, which won 59% of the vote and 394 of 492 seats. She had, however, already been detained under house arrest before the elections. She has remained under house arrest in Myanmar for almost 14 out of the past 20 years.

Suu Kyi was the recipient of the Rafto Prize and the Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought in 1990 and the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991. In 1992 she was awarded the Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding by the Government of India.

She is frequently called Daw Aung San Suu Kyi; Daw is not part of her name, but is an honorific similar to madam for older, revered women, literally meaning „aunt“. Her name is derived from three relatives; „Aung San“ from her father, „Kyi“ from her mother and „Suu“ from her grandmother. Strictly speaking, she has no surname, but it is acceptable to refer to her as „Ms. Suu Kyi“ or „Dr. Suu Kyi“, since those syllables serve to distinguish her from her father, General Aung San, who is considered to be the father of modern-day Burma. (wikipedia)